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1645 Charles I Hammered Silver Halfcrown Oxford S2959A

1645 Charles I Hammered Silver Halfcrown Oxford S2959A Obverse

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Rare hammered silver half crown of Charles I, struck at the mint of Oxford in 1645. The obverse features the Oxford horseman on grassy, uneven ground, the rider holding a sword aloft. A plume appears behind the figure with a plume mint mark in the legend. This distinctive design is attributed to Nicholas Briot and refried to as the ‘Briot Horseman’. An innovative engraver and mechanical engineer, Briot was appointed Chief Engraver to the Royal Mint in 1633 and, on the outbreak of Civil War, followed Charles I to York, the Oxford, taking his kit with him. The reverse of this Halfcrown features an abbreviated version of the Declaration of Wellington, a manifesto set out by Charles before the first pitched battle of the English Civil War. The text, between two lines, reads ‘RELIG:PROT:LEG:ANG:LIBER:PAR’ - an abbreviated promise to uphold ‘the Protestant religion, the laws of England and the liberty of parliament’. Three plumes appear above the declaration with the date and ‘OX’ below. The Oxford mint was set up in 1642, staffed by former employees of the Tower mint which came under Parliamentary control that year. Coinage was struck with an extensive and complicated range of dies at the temporary royal capital until 1646 when the city was taken by parliament. This Halfcrown variety, with pellets either side of the date and a plume mint mark is fairly scarce and would make an interesting addition to a Civil War collection. Spink 2959A, North 2436, Bull 625/7.
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Large Briot horseman, riding left, holding sword over broken, grassy ground. Oxford plume behind. Beaded circle. Legend around preceeded by plume mint mark: '· CARLOVS · MAG · BRI · FRA · ET · HIB · REX'.


Declaration between two lines: 'RELIG:PROT:LEG:ANG:LIBER:PAR' with three plumes above, year - 1645 - and '.OX' below. Pellets by date. Enclosed by a beaded circle, legend around: 'DEVS : DISSIPENTVR : INOMICI : · : EXVRGAT:'.


VF - Flan slightly ragged (quite common), old cabinet tone with much detail, probably as struck, overall Very Fine with some details better.


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